How to Effectively Treat and Manage Pilonidal Sinus

 How to Effectively Treat and Manage Pilonidal Sinus


A pilonidal sinus normally occurs in the tail bone area. It shows symptoms like pain in sitting or bending over. A pilonidal sinus can cause infection. It can be treated surgically or non-surgically. Pilonidal Sinus treatment without surgery is done through various methods.

Pilonidal sinus is also called as pilonidal cyst or intergluteal pilonidal disease.

When to seek medical treatment?

Medical intervention is necessary in case of an infection. A patient should look out for these symptoms and seek immediate medical help.

  • Pain in the buttock area
  • Swelling and boils in the area
  • Nausea and fatigue
  • Fever
  • Swelling between buttocks, which feels painful

Risk Factors that cause Pilonidal Sinus

It is widely believed that ingrown hairs that are trapped in the skin in that area can cause pilonidal sinus. The resulting friction can cause aggravation in the area.

Everyone is prone to diseases. However, there is always a higher risk with certain people. It is the case with PNS

  • Men are at four times higher risk than women for PNS
  • People who remain seated for long stretches of time
  • Overweight and Obese people
  • Presence of rough body hair
  • Family History
  • Ingrown hair

Treating the condition

Pilonidal Sinus is treatable. It can be treated surgically or non surgically. The doctor will advise treatment as per the severity. Pilonidal treatment without surgery is an option most patients would consider first.

The doctor will consider

  • Exhibiting symptoms
  • Size
  • Any more abscesses in the area
  • Recurring PNS or first time PNS

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Treatment with Surgery

Surgery is the recommended treatment for chronic cases. The doctor will operate to remove the cyst.

When is  Pilonidal sinus treatment without surgery possible?

Pilonidal sinus treatment without surgery is done through

Abscess drainage

In this case, excess pus is drained out.

Medicinal interventions:

Injections can treat milder cases.

Antibiotics can reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms.

Removing hair

The growth of hair can cause the disease. Removing the hair is beneficial and will prevent future recurrences.

Some hair removal methods include:

  • Laser Therapy
  • Waxing
  • Shaving
  • Epilation creams

Read More: Laser Treatment For Anal Fissure

Health Complications due to PNS

Pilonidal sinus, if left untreated can cause severe complications like infections and even cancer.

Some of the health complications include:

  • Systemic infection which is life-threatening
  • Recurring and chronic pilonidal sinus disease.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma or SCC

It is crucial to visit a reputed hospital and get it treated on time.

How to prevent the recurrence of Pilonidal Sinus?

Patients must follow the guidelines and established protocols to reduce the risk of recurrence.

  • Maintain hygiene
  • A healthy and active lifestyle with a proper diet
  • Weight management
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle

Chaudhary Hospital has a team of specialized doctors and offers top-class pilonidal sinus treatment without surgery. In case of any symptoms, please visit Chaudhary Hospital to get the best care.

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