How to learn proper pronunciation to recite the Quran?
One of the conditions to be a Hafiz (a person who has memorized the entire Qur’an, word for word) is that one must recite the book in Arabic. The issue being that many people when reading the Quran do not know how to pronounce certain words or letters. This means that even if they have memorized large portions of the Quran, they may not be able to recite it if asked to do so by a scholar of Islam. With dedication and practice, you can become a well-versed reciter of the Quran!
1. Understand the Arabic alphabet
The Arabic alphabet is the language basis – its writing system. It’s very important to know it.
- There are only 16 letters in the Arabic alphabet that can write 36 sounds because there are some duplicated letters, 3 of them have 2 forms and one letter has 4 forms. They are called the noble 28 letters.
- Arabic writing system is not like other alphabetic systems, but it’s like the usage of syllables and sounds (it has one more unit than English). Like this: KaTaBa; Miim; Zaiin; Meem; Noon; Hei; Waw; Seen; Qaf.
- Arabic letters are written from right to left. But in some cases, like when we write the numbers or < (Alhamdulillah), we must and should start writing it from left to right.
- There are 3 main categories for Arabic letters: – Labial Letters: We use our lips when we pronounce them. Example: Ba, Ta, Sa. – Dental Letters: We use our tongue’s tip while pronouncing it. Example: Da, Tha, Za. – Guttural Letters: We need to put the back of the tongue while pronouncing it with narrowing on the throat or mouth opening. Example Ka, Ha, Ghayn.
- You may feel difficult to learn Arabic at first, but as long as you practice, you will achieve it.
2. Pronounce each letter correctly with its corresponding sound
In the name of Allah, all praise is for Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We ask for peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was sent by Allah as a true blessing to mankind: Allah says in the Quran: “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion” Allah says in the Quran: “And Allah would never make your faith to be lost (in your struggle for self-reformation). Truly Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind.
One of the most important teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the importance of reading and reciting Quran with its proper tajweed rules. Allah says in the Quran: ‘And recite what has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW) of the Book (the Quran) of your Lord (i.e. recite it, understand and follow its teachings and act on its orders and preach it to men). None can grasp its Message except the people of understanding.’ (Quran: 7:205) ‘(This is) a Book (the Quran) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember. ‘ (Quran: 38:29).
The importance of tajweed in Quran correctly is emphasized in several other verses, such as: ‘And recite (O Muhammad SAW) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Quran) of your Lord. And none can change His Words, and none will you find as a refuge in the (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever does not recite correctly, he will be doomed! (Ahmad and Abu Dawud) This is why the importance of tajweed in Quran in other places in the Quran. Many Prophetic traditions warn against incorrect recitation of the Quran
Practice reciting short verses and phrases until you can recite them fluently
An effective technique for learning a language is to use your ears and repeat what you hear. You can learn new words, phrases, or even whole sentences by listening to native speakers and repeating what they say. It might sound easy but it’s difficult at first. Many of us have been speaking our language since we were little kids so we can’t necessarily remember a time when we didn’t know how to speak. By the time you’ve reached adulthood, you already have a huge vocabulary, and speaking fluently is quite difficult for many people. This is why it’s important to completely immerse yourself in your target language by listening to it as much as possible.
If you want to recite the Quran with proper pronunciation, it is important to learn about the different sounds that make up Arabic words. There are many resources available to help you do this, including online classes, apps, and even private tutors. Once you have learned the basics of Arabic pronunciation, practice regularly and your recitation will improve over time. seeking a professional tutor can help speed up the learning process and ensure that you are pronouncing all of the words correctly.