Java vs Python : Which is the best programming language

As we all began to learn to code using HTML but creating a complex application requires a more sophisticated language. Java along with Python have been deemed to be  java and python  of the top programming languages available today due to their efficiency, versatility and capabilities for automation. Both have strengths as well as flaws. However, the major distinction lies in the fact that Java has a static type whereas Python is dynamically typed.

They share many similarities, for instance, they both use their own “everything is an object” design, provide excellent cross-platform compatibility, and employ immutable strings as well as deep standard libraries. However, they do have several differences that push some developers towards Java while others prefer Python. Java was always backed by one major corporate sponsor, whereas Python is more dispersed.

Today, we will explain Java vs Python in detail. 

What is Java ?

Java can be described as a cross-platform object-oriented, network-centric programming language. It is one of the most popular programming languages. It can also be used as a platform for computing as well, and was first launched in 1995 by Sun Microsystem in 1995. The company later bought it from Oracle Corporation.

Features of Java

If you want to know everything about Java vs Python. Then you should know the features of both. So here are the features in Java:

  • The language is an object-oriented system that lets you write code with ease.
  • Memory allocation occurs during run-time, which is the reason Java programs can be developed even without the primary task.
  • It’s platform-independent and is among the main advantages of Java. The Java codes aren’t compiled in a single step, but they are converted into a bytecode, which can be executed on any platform that has JVM.
  • Java can be described as an interoperable language, which implies that Java code is compiled and runs simultaneously.
  • Java is widely used because of its platform-independent nature.

What is Python?

Python is an object-oriented high-level programming language. It comes with built-in data structures and the ability to dynamically bind as well as typing that makes it a great choice for quick development of applications. Python is also able to support packages and modules, which permits system modularity and reuse of code.

It is among the most efficient programming languages since it needs only a few lines of code. Its primary focus is on simplicity and readability making it an excellent option for those who are just starting out.

Features of Python

If you want to know everything about Java vs Python. Then you should know the features of both. So here are the features in Python:

  • Python is an easy type. It is a simple syntax, and it requires only a small experience with OOP to understand it. It is also dynamically typed, so it is not necessary to define the nature of the variables.
  • One of the most special features of Python is that it is free and open source.
  • It is a high level language, that is. It is readable and understandable.
  • It is an objective language and follows an objective ideology that makes it easier to write its program and enhances the reusability of the code
  • It is the language interpreted. It is assembled and runs line by line together and throws an error as soon as it hits one.

Java Vs Python: The Comparison Between 

Compilation process

Java is both compiled and it can be interpreted as well as compiled. Source code for Java is then transformed into bytecode and then compiled then it is dependent upon JIM when the code can be interpreted or collected.

Python is an interpreted language i.e. it is written and executed line-by-line.

Length of code

Python is an written language that is interpreted i.e. Python is written, and then executed line by line.

For Eg- to write hello world program, the code is-

public class HelloWorld {

public static void main(String[] args) {

System.out.println(“Hello, World”);



Python is a language that has smaller lines of code because you write directly the code and it is then read by the.

For eg-

print(‘Hello, world!’)

Complexity of syntax

Java is an untyped language for programming. There are strict rules for braces and semicolons.

Python is dynamically typed , and there aren’t any rigid rules for semicolons and braces. It is based on the principle of inundation.

Ease of typing

Strongly typed, accurate types of variables need to be defined.

There is no need to define a truly typed, exact type of variable.


Java is faster than Python.

Python is a bit slow since it is an interpreter language. Additionally, it determines the type of variable during the runtime that is why it is slow.


It has been in development for a long time and is widely used in Android application development, embedded systems, and web applications.

Computer science and machine language from Python have been greatly simplified. It is also being used for web development.

Salary trends

The pay in Java for newbies is not as high as Python beginners, but the situation is changing and Python developers are taking over that space.

Python developers are less than Java developers and are therefore paying more. At the same time, the technology is higher in the work of Python programmers; That’s why they’re being paid more.


So, here’s the blog of Java vs Python. Java was a big step ahead of the first complex language C++ and a lot of people fell in love with it.

Python is another big step in the same direction. Expressing one’s thoughts in such a way is human language that machines can turn into reality and machines can easily understand. And with all this information Java programmers should try to learn Python. It is a great scripting tool for automating repetitive tasks.

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