What Are the Different Types of Cavities?

 What Are the Different Types of Cavities?


It’s happened again. You went to the dentist for your usual cleanup. You tried for months to make sure you had clean teeth.

And yet, despite all your efforts, the dentists’ team found cavities. At first glance, all cavities seem equally inconvenient. However, different types of cavities can have varying effects on your teeth.

In this article, we’ll walk you through the three leading types of cavities. We’ll also discuss what causes cavities and how to take care of your teeth. So, without further ado, let’s jump right in!

Exploring the Different Types of Cavities

When examining cavities, there are usually three types that professionals talk about. These three are pit and fissure, smooth surface, and root cavities. We’ll discuss each of these in the sections below.

Pit and Fissure Cavities

Pit and fissure cavities typically show up on the chewing surface of your teeth. They most often manifest in your back teeth.

So, what causes these cavities? Pit and fissure cavities develop as plaque and food particles get stuck in the grooves on top of your teeth.
Fortunately, if dentists catch this cavity early, they can treat them.

Fluoride toothpaste can often rid your teeth of these cavities. However, if the cavity reaches the dentin, a dentist must remove this decay before repairing the damage.

Smooth Surface Cavities

These types of cavities manifest on the flat exterior of your teeth. Typically, they affect the teeth on the sides of your mouth. However, they are among the least common types of cavities.

Fortunately, if you develop this type, it’s often easy to treat. Regular flossing and fluoride toothpaste can resolve this problem. However, if these problems proceed to eat through your enamel, you’ll need a dentist to repair the damage.

Root Cavities

Root cavities strike the surface of the roots of your teeth. Typically, this type most often occurs in older adults. This is because older adults are more likely to have receding gums or other gum disorders.

As gums recede, they expose the roots of your teeth. When the roots become exposed, it leads to tooth decay. This decay arises because the roots have lost the enamel that previously shielded them.

The methods of treatment for this cavity vary depending on its severity. The first step at all points is to remove the decay in the roots.

From there, a dentist may be able to fill the cavity with either a filling or a crown. However, if the decay reaches far enough, it may spread to the pulp of your tooth.

In such severe cases, a dentist may need to perform root canal treatment. Click to learn more about different dental services here!

How to Take Care of Your Teeth

For most people, pit and fissure cavities are the most likely threats to manifest. To avoid these, diligently brush your teeth twice a day. In addition, make sure you floss at least once a day. 

Using mouthwash can also help preserve your gums. With such regular dental care, you can avoid most of the different types of cavities!

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