What Is Situational Crime Prevention?

 What Is Situational Crime Prevention?

Crime Prevention Strategies You Can Take to Protect Your Home.

 Conventional crime prevention strategies’ primary objective is to reduce violence and crime by varying criminal tendencies. On the other hand, situational crime prevention (SCP) emphasizes instant opportunities for stopping felonious acts. Situational crime prevention seeks to decrease the troubles and harms that occur in a criminal act by changing direct or situational aspects in the surroundings where crime frequently happens.

Numerous procedures are applied to generate situational crime prevention categories. In this blog post, we will read about which preventive ideas are effective in the workplace in addition to particular crime prevention. The best explanatory book we can find that impeccably explains situational crime and its preventive measures is Know What Cops Know by authors Chief William G. Palmini Jr. & Tanya Chalupa.

In this noire fiction book Chief William G. Palmini, who has more than fifty years of knowledge in police work and training in preventive events, has also included true crime murder stories based on his life incidents. Alongside author Tanya Chalupa has expertise in law enforcement and traffic safety issues. Tanya has written some of the most influential books based on her high-profile cases with her co-author Chief William.

Situational Crime Prevention Theories

Situational crime prevention is grounded on two related theories which are:

Rational Choice Theory: This theory state that potential criminals reasonably decide to commit unlawful acts and the techniques used to do so. This decision is influenced by the delinquent’s wish to maximize compensation while reducing the threat.

Routine Activities theory: This theory state that for a crime to happen, three central components must be present: suitable targets, motivated offenders, and the absenteeism of capable caretakers. Capable caretakers can comprise people such as the police or the security guard and environmental aspects, which include security devices like locks etc.

Situational Crime Prevention Strategies

Situational crime prevention strategies outline interventions by measuring the prospects these particular situations propose for a criminal act. Situational crime prevention has acknowledged five chief ways that circumstances can be altered. These are:

  • Increasing the exertion, the criminal ought to carry out the lawbreaking act.
  • Decreasing the recompenses or profits the criminal presumes to gain from the offensive act.
  • Increasing the dangers the criminal would face in committing the crime
  • Eliminating justifications that lawbreakers might use to “justify” or explain their actions.
  • Reducing incitements that might excite or provoke criminals into felonious acts.

Examples of situational crime prevention

A clear-cut example of situational crime prevention is target hardening – employing blockades such as window locks, CCTV doors, security workers, and anti-climb paint. These measures will undoubtedly eliminate the chances of either breaking into your vicinity or committing a theft.

Another example of situational crime prevention is crafting out particular features of an area that may stop crime. This could appear like mounting inclined seats at bus stops or adding armrests in the center of park sitting benches to constrain homeless people from napping on them, or, in more intense situations, the usage of ‘anti-homeless architecture’ in particular parts of the city.

Advantages of situational crime prevention

  • Situational crime prevention is a lucrative and comparatively basic technique for reducing felonious acts; thus, it can be considered a simple way to stop many common offences.
  • There is a copious amount of data to suggest that this approach is operative and provides a more practical and convenient way to reduce felonies. This contrasts with conventional crime control strategies, which focus on the lawbreaker rather than the circumstance.

Disadvantages of situational crime prevention

As with everything, there are many disadvantages as well, which are:

Situational Crime Displacement

  • One of the most protuberant oppositions to situational crime prevention strategies is displacement – rather than decreasing crime, it merely origins the criminals to move elsewhere. For example, confiscating homeless people from the roads does not obliterate the concern of homelessness but conceivably only forces those individuals to move elsewhere.
  • Chaiken et al. discovered that doubling down on dealing with subway burglaries in New York rose to the conclusion of misconduct happening on the above streets.
  • There are numerous procedures of displacement: functional (committing different varieties of felonious acts), temporal (committing delinquency at an altered time), tactical (committing crime in other methods), spatial (committing wrongdoing somewhere else), and target (obligating crime on different victims).

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